Methodology of ecoinvent 3

Methodology of ecoinvent 3

What do the shortcuts, such as CH, RER, RoW and GLO mean?

Every activity present in the ecoinvent has a geographic location. This geographic locations are reported using internationally accepted shortcuts. For example Switzerland has the shortcut CH, Czechia CZ and China CN. The list of geographies available in ecoinvent can be found here


Certain geographical location shortcuts are not as well know or commonly used. For example, GLO means global and represents activities which are considered to be an average valid for all countries in the world. RER shortcut represents Europe. RoW represents the Rest-of-the-World. In ecoinvent v3.2 (2015) and higher the RoW is generated as an exact copy of the GLO dataset with uncertainty adjusted. The newly generated RoW is then linked with activities of an adequate geographies creating RoW specific supply chain.

The screenshot from ecoQuery shows the datasets representing barley production in the ecoinvent database. There are three regional datasets representing barley production in Germany (DE), Spain (ES) and France (FR) and one global dataset (GLO) representing what is considered to be the average production.

The Rest-of-the-World (RoW) dataset is created only during the linking.